THE SHORT VERSION:
THE PHILOSOPHY THAT HUMAN BEINGS ARE FREE AGENTS AND THUS RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR OWN ACTIONS, MORALITY AND PERSONAL FREEDOM.
Existentialistic thinking started in the 19th century with Soren Kierkegaard who was a Danish philosopher whose ideas about the nature of human freedom in an uncertain world make him one of the founders of the modern philosophy of existentialism. There is little in existentialism today which cannot also be found in the many writings of Kierkegaard completed over his 42 years.
Well known Existentialists include:
Soren Kierkegaard – Danish religious philosopher, considered to be the father of the Existential movement. (1813 – 1855)
Fyodor Dostoyevsky – Russian writer and novelist, considered by many as a precursor of 20th century Existentialism (1821 – 1881)
Friedrich Nietzsche – German philosopher, poet, classic philologist, anti-Christian (1844 – 1900)
Jean-Paul Sartre – French philosopher, playwright, novelist, athiest, most responsible for bringing attention to Existentialism in the 20th century.
(1905 – 1980)
Albert Camus – French author, journalist, philosopher, athiest.
(1913 - 1960)
This group will focus on the philosophy of Existentialism from it's beginnings right through to modern day thinking. How does this philosophy affect us today? Who of us here are Existentialists? I will try and cover all of the key thinkers, some of which are listed above. Submissions are most welcome, however let's try and stay on the key subject, which in itself should generate some very interesting discussion material.
Some useful links: